IGCSE | Physics
About this course
IGCSE stands for the International General Certificate of Secondary Education. It is a special educational programme of preparation for IGCSE examinations and getting a qualification that is globally-recognised. This qualification fits into the latest educational developments and trends all over the world and can be an ideal foundation for A Level and the International Baccalaureate Diploma programs. Students normally sit five to seven subjects in the last years of their school.
Why do students need IGCSE?
IGCSE program not only gives students a chance to go to the best colleges and universities, but also helps to develop their critical and creative thinking, independence, cultural and social awareness and thus building the foundation for further academic success. Good IGCSE exam results (points 4-9) is the best way to enter the best educational institutions all over the world.
How to choose subjects for study on the IGCSE program?
Traditionally, IGCSEs are taken in 5-6 subjects, depending on which path the students choose for their future profession. The range of IGCSE subjects is really wide but the students usually choose Mathematics, Business, ICT, English, Science (Biology, Physics or Chemistry) or humanities (Literature, Geography or History). When choosing the IGCSE subjects you should also consider your own interests and preferences. As a rule, IGCSE subjects are chosen “in excess”, so that it is possible to abandon disciplines which are more difficult to cope with.
In 2013 our British Online School Knowledge Space was accredited by Edexcel to run the programs in accordance with British educational standards. Since then, our students have studied various subjects at our British School and each year most of them pass IGCSE exams.
The course IGCSE Physics gives students the opportunity to experience physics within the context of their general education. The aims and objectives of this qualification are to:
- Acquire knowledge and understanding of physical facts, terminology, concepts, principles and practical techniques.
- Apply the principles and concepts of physics to different contexts.
- Evaluate physical information.
- Appreciate the practical nature of physics, developing experimental and investigative skills.
- Analyse, interpret and evaluate data and experimental methods, draw conclusions.
- Recognise the importance of accurate experimental work and reporting scientific methods.
- Select, organise and present relevant information clearly and logically using appropriate vocabulary.
- Develop a logical approach to problem solving in a wider context.
- Prepare for more advanced courses in physics and for other courses that require knowledge of physics.
Forces and motion
Topic Forces and motion:
- Movement and position
- Forces and shape
- Forces and movement
- The turning effect of forces
- Understand the relationships between average speed, distance moved, acceleration, change in velocity and time taken, plot and explain velocity-time graphs.
- Describe the effects of forces between bodies, identify different types of forces, understand the difference between vector quantities and scalar quantities, calculate the resultant force, identify friction, balanced and unbalanced force, calculate the stopping distance, describe the forces acting on falling objects, know the Hooke’s law, describe elastic behaviour, determine the density of a liquid and of a regularly shaped solid, calculate the density.
- Know and use the relationship between momentum, mass and velocity, use the idea of momentum to explain safety features, demonstrate an understanding of Newton’s third law, apply the principle of forces and motion to solve problems.
- Current and voltage in circuits
- Electrical resistance
- Electric Charge
- Know and use the relationship between power, current and voltage, understand how the use of insulation, double insulation, earthing, fuses and circuit breakers protects the device or user in a range of domestic appliances, know the principles of series and parallel circuit.
- Describe how current varies with voltage in wires, resistors, etc, know and use the relationship between voltage, current and resistance, charge, current and time, know the definition of electric current , its main characteristics, calculate the currents, voltages and resistances of two resistive components connected in a series circuit , identify common electrical conductors or insulators.
- Explain how positive and negative electrostatic charges are produced, know how forces of attraction and repulsion are formed, explain electrostatic phenomena in terms of the movement of electrons, and explain the potential dangers and uses of electrostatic charges.
- Properties of waves
- The electromagnetic spectrum
- Light waves
- Sound waves
- Know the definitions of amplitude, wave front, frequency, wavelength, period of a wave, longitudinal and transverse waves, understand that waves transfer energy and information without transferring matter, know and use the relationship between the speed, frequency and wavelength; frequency and time period, explain reflection and refraction, know the properties of light and sound waves.
- Know that light is part of a continuous electromagnetic spectrum; explain some of the uses of electromagnetic radiations and the effects of excessive exposure of the human body to electromagnetic waves.
- Know the characteristics of sound waves.
Energy resources and energy transfer
Topic Energy resources and energy transfer:
- Energy transfers
- Thermal Energy
- Work and power
- Energy resources and electricity generation
- Describe energy transfers, use the principle of conservation of energy, describe devices and situations, explaining the transfer of energy, describe how thermal energy transfer may take place by conduction, convection and radiation, explain the role of convection in everyday phenomena.
- Explain how emission and absorption of radiation are related to surface and temperature, explain ways of reducing unwanted energy transfer.
- Know and use the relationship between work done, force and distance moved in the direction of the force, describe the energy transfers involved in generating electricity, describe the advantages and disadvantages of methods of large-scale electricity production from various renewable and non-renewable resources.
Solids, liquids and gases
Topic Solids, liquids and gases. Density and pressure
- Know and use the relationship between density, mass and volume, explain the changes in density and pressure occurring when heating a system, when a solid melts to form a liquid, and when a liquid evaporates or boils to form a gas, describe the arrangement and motion of particles in solids, liquids and gases, understand why there is an absolute zero of temperature which is –273 °C.
Magnetism and electromagnetism
Topic Magnetism and electromagnetism. Electric motors and electromagnetic induction
- Know the properties of magnets, understand the term magnetic field, know that an electric current in a conductor produces a magnetic field around it, describe the construction of electromagnets.
- Know that there is a force on a charged particle when it moves in a magnetic field, use the left-hand rule to predict the direction of the resulting force, describe how the force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field changes with the magnitude and direction of the field and current, describe the generation of electricity by the rotation of a magnet.
- Describe the structure of a transformer and understand that a transformer changes the size of an alternating voltage by having different numbers of turns on the input and output sides.
Radioactivity and particles
Topic Radioactivity and particles:
- Atoms and radioactivity
- Radiation and half-life
- Application of radioactivity
- Describe the structure of an atom in terms of protons, neutrons and electrons, know the terms atomic (proton) number, mass (nucleon) number and isotope, describe the nature of alpha (α) particles, beta (β−) particles, and gamma (γ) rays, and recall that they may be distinguished in terms of penetrating power and ability to ionize.
- Describe the effects on the atomic and mass numbers of a nucleus of the emission of each of the four main types of radiation (alpha, beta, gamma and neutron radiation), understand how to balance nuclear equations in terms of mass and charge, explain the sources of background radiation from Earth and space, know the definition of the term half-life and understand that it is different for different radioactive isotopes, know that nuclear reactions can be a source of energy.
- Motion in the Universe
- Stellar Evolution
- Understand that the universe is a large collection of billions of galaxies and our solar system is in the Milky Way galaxy.
- Understand why gravitational field strength, g, varies and know that it is different on other planets and the Moon from that on the Earth, describe the differences in the orbits of comets, moons and planets, use the relationship between orbital speed, orbital radius and time period, understand how stars can be classified according to their colour.
- Describe the evolution of stars, understand how the brightness of a star at a standard distance can be represented using absolute magnitude, and explain the Big Bang theory and red-shift in the light of galaxies.
|IGCSE 14-16 y.o.|
|IGCSE preparation, 3 or more subjects from the list (English SL, English1, Math, Physics, Chemistry, ICT, Geography, Economics, Business)|
|72 lessons on each subject, every lesson lasts 60 minutes|
|Price of the course (3 subjects) 5100 EUR|
|Registration fee 250 EUR|
At the End of IGCSE Programme the students can take exams and get IGCSE certificates which allow them to apply to A-level, IB and other programmes of further education.