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IGCSE | Geography

IGCSE | Geography

IGCSE Geography

About this course

IGCSE stands for the International General Certificate of Secondary Education. It is a special educational programme of preparation for IGCSE examinations and getting a qualification that is globally-recognised. This qualification fits into the latest educational developments and trends all over the world and can be an ideal foundation for A Level and the International Baccalaureate Diploma programs. Students normally sit five to seven subjects in the last years of their school.


Why do students need IGCSE?

IGCSE program not only gives students a chance to go to the best colleges and universities, but also helps to develop their critical and creative thinking, independence, cultural and social awareness and thus building the foundation for further academic success. Good IGCSE exam results (points 4-9) is the best way to enter the best educational institutions all over the world.

How to choose subjects for study on the IGCSE program?

Traditionally, IGCSEs are taken in 5-6 subjects, depending on which path the students choose for their future profession. The range of IGCSE subjects is really wide but the students usually choose Mathematics, Business, ICT, English, Science (Biology, Physics or Chemistry) or humanities (Literature, Geography or History). When choosing the IGCSE subjects you should also consider your own interests and preferences. As a rule, IGCSE subjects are chosen “in excess”, so that it is possible to abandon disciplines which are more difficult to cope with.

In 2013 our British Online School Knowledge Space was accredited by Edexcel to run the programs in accordance with British educational standards. Since then, our students have studied various subjects at our British School and each year most of them pass IGCSE exams.

Subject Geography:

  • Understand the main geographical concepts and the processes which affect physical and human environment
  • Understand location on a local and global scale
  • Develop spatial awareness
  • Understand the ways in which people interact with each other and with their environment
  • Actively engage in geographical enquiries


  • Rivers
  • Natural disasters
  • Economical geography
  • Urban environment
  • Global issues (climate change, globalization and migration, improving human well-being)
  • Describe the components of the hydrological cycle; stores and transfers, name and describe the features of a drainage basin.
  • Describe and label the component s of a hydrograph, explain the discharge of contrasting river regimes.
  • Describe and explain weathering processes (e.g. chemical, biological and mechanical).
  • Link these processes to differences in climate, stream velocity, slopes and geology considering how the relative importance of the processes varies from source to mouth, describe landform change along a river long profile, explain how the named landforms are formed by physical processes.
  • Explain why water quality varies due to pollution, how clean water is supplied, and how it is stored.
  • Explain the causes of river flooding, outline ways in which flooding can be controlled.
  • Define and classify different types of natural hazard (climatic, tectonic); describe and explain the global distribution of tropical storms, earthquakes and volcanoes.
  • Explain the physical causes of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes (plate tectonics, plate margin types) and the causes and development of tropical storms, outline a range of methods to monitor weather conditions (satellites, radar).
  • Explain how some hazards can be predicted (volcanic eruptions, tropical storm landfall) using early warning systems, outline the role of education, shelters and defenses in hazard preparation. 
  • Explain how places cope during hazard events using evacuation and mitigation measures, outline the consequences of hazards both short term (emergency aid & disaster relief) and long term (risk assessment, rebuilding, view and adjustment; improving prediction and preparation). 
  • Define and illustrate primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary sectors, give example of different jobs types, describe variations in sectoral balance between countries. 
  • Describe how sectoral balance has changed over time, explain the causes of informal employment and its characteristics, describe and explain the growth of tertiary and quaternary sectors with reference to causal factors (prosperity, new technology, accessibility, transport, government policy), describe and explain global shifts in manufacturing.  
  • Define primary, secondary, renewable, non–renewable and sustainable energy, describe trends in global energy demand, and the pattern of global energy production and consumption, explain the need for energy efficiency, outline the nature of non–renewable energy resources (wind, tidal, solar).
  • Define urbanisation and urban areas, outline the factors causing urbanisation (and suburbanisation; counter–urbanisation) and affecting its rate,  explain the emergence of megacities, outline a range of problems linked to rapid urbanisation (congestion, transport problems, employment issues, crime and environmental quality).
  • Outline the factors causing some land uses to concentrate (locational needs, accessibility, land values in the CBD), illustrate the processes and consequences of segregation e.g. by socio–economic group and ethnicity. 
  • Outline the changes taking place at the edge of HIC cities (retail complexes, business parks, industrial estates) (CS), explain the advantages and disadvantages of
  • Greenfield and Brownfield sites, use OS or similar maps, or Google Earth, to view the edge of an HIC city and examine the mixed nature of the land use.
  • Describe the pattern of deprivation/poverty in an HIC city, explain the symptoms and locations of deprived areas, examine the factors leading to inner city decline and change. 
 IGCSE  14-16 y.o.
IGCSE preparation, 3 or more subjects from the list (English SL, English1, Math, Physics, Chemistry, ICT, Geography, Economics, Business)
72 lessons on each subject, every lesson lasts 60 minutes
Price of the course (3 subjects) 5100 €
Registration fee 250 €
At the End of IGCSE Programme the students can take exams and get IGCSE certificates which allow them to apply to A-level, IB and other programmes of further education.

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